Calendula officinalis -An Important Medicinal Plant with Potential Biological Properties

  • Nelofer Jan
  • Riffat John Department of Botany University of kashmir Srinagar Hazratbal Kashmir- 190 006

Abstract

Abstract:
Objective Calendula officinalis L., commonly known as pot marigold is used worldwide because of its various medicinal properties. The plant contains various phytochemicals including carbohydrates, amino acids, lipids, fatty acids, carotenoids, terpenoids, flavonoids, quinones, coumarins and other constituents. The plant also possesses various biological activities including wound healing, immunostimulant, spasmogenic and spasmolytic, hepatoprotective, genotoxic and antigenotoxic, anti-amylase, anti-inflammatory, anti-oedematous, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal, antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-HIV and anti-cancerous, nephroprotective, prevention of oropharyngeal mucositis, hypoglycemic and gastroprotective activities with no toxic effect. In this article, various aspects of calendula such including its botanical characteristics, phytochemistry and medicinal properties are discussed.

Author Biography

Riffat John, Department of Botany University of kashmir Srinagar Hazratbal Kashmir- 190 006

Dr. Riffat John

Assistant professor

Department of Botany

University of Kashmir

Srinagar - 190 006.

Published
2017-12-05
How to Cite
JAN, Nelofer; JOHN, Riffat. Calendula officinalis -An Important Medicinal Plant with Potential Biological Properties. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, [S.l.], v. 83, n. 4, p. 769-787, dec. 2017. ISSN 2454-9983. Available at: <http://insajournal.in/insaojs/index.php/proceedings/article/view/305>. Date accessed: 21 feb. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.16943/ptinsa/2017/49126.

Keywords

Calendula officinalis, Asteraceae, marigold, phytochemicals