Advances in Environmental Biotechnology in India: Status Report

  • Vipin Chandra Kalia
Keywords: Biodegradation; Bioremediation; Bioenergy; Bioproduct; Biopolymer; Nanotechnology


Sustenance of human beings depends upon the availability of water, food and good environmental conditions. However, the
evolutionary changes in our lives have been affected by the industrial developments, which have influenced our everincreasing
demands for more food and energy. To meet our daily needs, we depend heavily upon fossil fuels, which results
in environmental pollution. It has obliged us to look for novel energy resources. In addition, to meet the food demand,
agricultural practices especially the use of pesticides, antimicrobials, and fertilizers have also added to soil contamination.
In this article, we have provided the status of biotechnological advancements being made in India on the following issues:
i) Bioremediation, ii) Microbial processes and products, iii) Environment and nanotechnology, and iv) Microbial diversity.


Angelina and Vijayendra S V N (2015) Microbial biopolymers
The Exopolysaccharides Microbial Factories Biodiversity,
Biofuels, Biopolymers, Bioactive molecules and Waste
treatment. V.C. Kalia (Ed) Springer 8 113-125.
Banerjee S and Joshi SR (2015) Mineralogical footprints of
bacterial biofilms associated with Labit cave, a part of the
longest cave system in India Geomicrobiology Journal 8
Banerjee S and Joshi SR (2016) Culturable bacteria associated
with the caves of Meghalaya in India contribute to
speleogenesis Journal of cave and karst studies the National
Speleological Society bulletin 78.
Bhattacharjee K and Joshi SR (2014) NEMiD: A web-based
curated microbial diversity database with Geo-based
plotting PLoS One 9.
Borase HP, Patil CD, Salunkhe RB, Suryawanshi RK, Salunke
BK and Patil SV (2014a) Mercury sensing and toxicity
studies of novel latex fabricated silver nanoparticles
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 37.
Borase HP, Patil CD, Salunkhe RB, Suryawanshi RK, Salunke
BK and Patil SV (2014b) Transformation of aromatic dyes
using green synthesized silver Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 37
Callaghan TM, Podmirseg SM, Hohlweck D, Edwards JE, Puniya
AK, Dagar SS and Griffith GW (2015) Buwchfawromyceseastonii gen. novspnov a new anaerobic fungus
(Neocallimastigomycota) isolated from buffalo faeces Myco
Keys 9 11-28.
Dagar SS, Kumar S, Griffith GW, Edwards JE,Callaghan TM,
Singh R, Nagpal AK and Puniya AK (2015) A new
anaerobic fungus (Oontomycesanksri gen. nov, sp. nov.)
from the digestive tract of the Indian camel (Camelus
dromedarius) Fungal Biol 119731-737.
Dagar SS, Kumar S, Mudgil P, Singh R and Puniya AK (2011)
D1/D2 domain of large subunit rDNA for differentiation
of Orpinomyces spp. Appl Environ Microbiol 77 6722-
Dagar SS, Singh N, Goel N, Kumar S and Puniya AK (2014) Role
of anaerobic fungi in wheat straw degradation and effects
of plant feed additives on rumen fermentation parameters
in vitro. Benef Microbes 6 353-36.
Devi SE, Vijayendra SVN and Shamala TR (2012) Exploration of
rice bran, an agro-industry residue, for the production of
intra and extra cellular polymers by Sinorhizobium meliloti
MTCC 100 Biocatalysis Agri Biotechnol 1 80-84.
Divyashree MS, Shamala TR and Rastogi NK (2009b) Isolation
of polyhydroxyalkanoate from hydrolyzed cells of Bacillus
flexus using aqueous two-phase system containing
polyethylene glycol and phosphate Biotechnol Bioproc E
14 482-489.
Divyashree MS and Shamala TR (2009) Effect of gamma
irradiation on cell lysis and polyhydroxyalkanoate
produced by Bacillus flexus Radiation Physics and
Chemistry 78 147-152.
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