New Opportunities in Heterogeneous Catalysis
Heterogeneous catalysts are typically solids capable of accelerating the rate of chemical reactions. Nearly 80% of the processes involved in the chemical production of bulk or fine chemicals employ heterogeneous catalysts. The heart of a heterogeneous catalyst is the surface active site, which must be highly stable during the course of chemical reaction. The active site are specific to a chemical reaction and are capable of chemisorbing the reactants through various chemical interactions. Selective conversion of the reactants to products are possible because the catalyst offeres reaction pathways with significantly lower activation energy. Although it is not always possible to determine the structure of an active site in a heterogeneous catalyst, the emphasis of modern day research has not only been to understand the structure of an active site but also synthesize and study them. The article will describe some of the emerging challenges in this field of research with examples from the authors research.
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