Riverine Flood Hazard: Part A. Types, Processes and Causative Factors

Riverine Flood Hazard

  • Vikrant Jain IIT Gandhinagar
  • Mussie Beyene Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Maine, Orono, Maine 04469-5711, USA
  • L. Sardine Varay Department of Geology, Centre of Advanced Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India;
  • Robert James Wasson Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, 469A Bukit Timah Road, Singapore-259770
  • Shaleen Jain Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Maine, Orono, Maine 04469-5711, USA;
Keywords: Return period, flood discharge, climate change, sediment transport, flood power, palaeoflood, flood management, statistical hydrology


Floods are one of the most severe natural hazards. Natural and anthropogenic climate change and a changing landscape have the potential to exacerbate flood impacts. An in-depth understanding of flood types, processes and causative factors is essential in planning effective flood management strategies. The understanding of palaeofloods, often in conjunction with traditional analyses of flood frequency and magnitude, can also unravel changes related to flood hazard. The new flood management strategies need inclusion of non-structural measures on the basis of basin to reach scale processes for sustainable management of flood hazard but to be effective should be based on an understanding of flood dynamics. The focus of what follows is on flood dynamics and causes.


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